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Brushless - Brushed DC or
Single - Dual E-Scooter Motor

Most people know that in order to have a faster electric scooter. a dual hub scooter is the answer. However, what are the points to consider before purchasing, and is dual hub really the answer to our woes?

Electric scooters are kind to eco-system, are affordable, and really easy to use. There are plenty of electric scooters to choose from, it all depends on what are you looking for.

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DIFFERENT TYPES OF MOTORS

There are two different types of motor that are used in electric scooters brushless and brushed DC electric motor.

vsett 9 e-scoote switzerland zurich Brushless - Brushed DC or Single - Dual E-Scooter Motor e-scooter zürich

BRUSHED MOTORS

Brushed motors are the oldest form of motor technology, invented in the early 1800s. Brushed motors were the first commercial application of converting electric power to mechanic energy. They are being used for 140 years in industry and commercial uses.

Mechanical brushes inside a brushed DC motor are dragged along the inside of motor to power alternate coil phases and provide motion. The brushes are made of carbon and its friction to the motors generate heat and slows the motor down, and over time brushes can worn down by friction and cause voltage disturbances which can be dangerous.

BRUSHLESS MOTORS

Brushless motor is a motor that is powered by a DC (Direct Current) through a power supply (batteries) which produces electricity in the form of AC (Alternating Current).

In brushless motor the mechanical components is replaced by switching circuitry, and it powers alternate coils inside the motor. In the 1970s brushless DC motors appeared on the market. They are also known as electronically commutated (EC) or BLDC, the show more efficiency, are more durable, and preform better than brushed motors.
Brushless motors are also less prone to overheating and they run quieter. 

Which motor is used in an electric scooter?

Most of the electric scooters manufactured today, will have BLDC motor and are much preferred over the brushed motor types in nearly all electrical vehicles.

Uses magnets to generate power, the magnets cause no friction allowing the motor to generate less heat that results in better performance.

SINGLE AND DUAL HUB ELECTRIC SCOOTERS

One of the key elements to look for is the drive system. There are three different driving sistems for electric scooters. Rear-wheel drive (RWD), front wheel drive (FWD) and two-wheel drive (2WD).
In the following text we will explore those three options and talk about advantages and disadvantages of each drive system.

Main difference in dual and single hub motors in electric scooters is in the number of motors. Single hub electric scooter contains 1 motor, and it is slower compared to a dual hub electric scooter .Dual hub electric scooters have a motor in each wheel. When turning the dual hub electric scooter on, the rear motor will start first, the front motor will start after you press the button that turns on dual-mode.

Most electric scooters motors today are hub motors. Hub is usually placed on the rear wheel of electric scooter, but it possible to customise this.

SINGLE HUB MOTORS

Pros of single hub motors is cheaper price, because of only one motor. Hubs are otherwise not cheap, because of vital role they play in electric scooter. They are also easy to control, because of its low top speed. If speed goes over 60kph the handling gets more difficult. Single hub motors are also cheaper to maintain in electric scooters.

The hindrance on the wide road can get you sideswiped, because other cars and vehicles that are driving at faster speeds. Going uphill can stress the rear hub, because it carries all the gravity and riders weight as it battles up the hill. This causes the rear single hub to carry all the mechanical strain to the hub and fastest its wear & tear process.

front-wheel drive (FWD)

Using front-wheel drive (FWD) provides better overall fraction and power efficiency the vehicles that use RWD. It is the cheapest of all to manufacture and typically most compact and lightweight system. Electric scooters with FWD are less prone to oversteering and preform better on wet and slippery roads than RWD. But since the weight distribution in the front, electric scooters using FWD are more prone to understeering, making difficult to turn corners if driving fast. This also results in lower grip on the road, when going uphill. There is also bigger chance to tip over when driving downhill.

rear-wheel drive (RWD)

Manufacturing rear-wheel drive (RWD) electric scooters is simple, the design for it has been around since the begging of motor powered vehicles. This makes them cheaper then the most other option. RWD electric scooters are better balanced with weight distribution compared to FWD, since the motor is located in the back. That gives the electric scooter has better grip going uphill and making it safer to drive downhill with rear breakes, preventing you to flip over. RWD electric scooters are good at handling turns and corners and are less prone to understeering. But are easier to oversteer, compared to the other two options. RWD design is also the worst for driving on wet, slippery surfaces and you may experience loss of traction with the front wheel 


vsett 9 swiss edition - 500W

DUAL HUB MOTORS (dwd)

PROS

This motor can handle stiff uphill better than single hub, of-course of two motors, leaving less strain on the motor, which also allows the electric scooter to move faster and handle gravity easier. The rear hub also doesn’t get as stressed as single hub motors of electric scooters. In the places with dense number of vehicles, dual hubs provide faster speeds and you can overtake other vehicles with dual hub electric scooter. More torque means better acceleration and climbing hills is easier with who motors. It puts less stress on the skateboard if it has two motors, this way is also producing less heat. Having two motors in your electric scooter will enhance the breaking power and that is especially good if you are heavy and need more power to stop the electric scooter. Two motors mean two belts, if one belt breaks another one is still working fine like you have a single motor setup. You would also have more control over the board with dual motor setup, especially when turning corners. Dual motors split up the work so they will produce less heat.

There are two basic ways to protect the screen:

 

›› stick a transparent plastic cover over it (like the ones you see on a brand new cellphone)
›› put adhesive tape over the power button (it’s not like you’ll forget where it is)

 

CONS

 

Two motors naturally require more energy which results in the faster drainage of battery. The front hub consumes the same amount of battery as the rear hub. So basically you will use twice as much energy, twice as faster. But do keep in mind, this will only happen if you are driving in dual motor mode. With the hub installed in the front of electric scooter, the torque becomes more powerful, maybe even a little too much fort he first time dual hub users. It is not great to use dual hub electric scooters in heavy traffic areas, because the electric scooter can cause a collision and harder manoeuvring. The electric scooter will not increase the speed but unfortunately, this is not the case. On the forums it was stated that the speed increased vy approximately 20 miles or so. Dual motor setup of-course is more expensive, because of the extra motor on electric scooter.

Two-wheel drive (2WD) provides the best weight distribution of all the options, because there is motor in the front and rear. This gives electric scooters excellent stability and traction for fast turning and handling wet and slippery surfaces. 2WD electric scooters are best options for going uphill and downhill. However this design is the most expensive option to manufacture and the heaviest, due to number of motors and their components. 2WD can be also prone to understeering.

VSETT 9+ SWISS EDITION

road approved

kaabo mantis pro

not road approved

MOTORS - electric scooters BY LIFE RACER

e-scooter
fwd
rWD
dwd
brushed
brushless
motor power
swiss road approved

VSETT 8 SWISS EDITION

X

X

500 W

X

VSETT 8+ SWISS EDITION

X

X

2 x 250 W

X

VSETT 9 SWISS EDITION

X

X

500 W

X

VSETT 9+ SWISS EDITION

X

X

2 x 250 W

X

VSETT 10+

X

X

2 x 1400 W

VSETT 11+

X

X

2 x 1500 W

Kaabo MANTIS 10 SWISS

X

X

500 W

X

Kaabo MANTIS 10 SWISS+

X

X

800 W

Kaabo MANTIS 10 GT

X

X

2 x 1000 W

Kaabo MANTIS 10 PRO

X

X

2 x 1000 W

DUALTRON MINI SWISS EDITION

X

X

500 W

X

DUALTRON THUNDER

X

X

2 x 2700 W

DUALTRON STORM

X

2 x 3320W

MAINTENANCE OF YOUR ELECTRIC SCOOTERS MOTOR

General maintenance and taking basic care of your electric scooter will be enough, as luckily the majority have brushless DC hub motors, that require almost no maintenance. Don’t drive your scooter at maximum speeds all the time, and don’t force it to climb hills that are obviously too steep. Usually it wont require any special care, unless you have a motor problem. You should take it to the maintenance provider once a year / every 1000km , so everything works smoothly. 1000 km service is important to tight the screws and GREASE THE MOTOR WHEEL AXLES

As we mentioned before, most of the motors are brushless today, and they don’t need replacements for their brushes. Also, most of the motors are hub motors. They are also frequently gear-less ones, which is the optimal combination for having to do the least maintenance and still get the most of your motor life. The electronic defects and water defects are one of the most common electric scooter problems. But hub motors are almost never at fault, it is usually something wrong with the wiring or the battery or the controller that’s the real problem. The motors on other side, can keep running for years without a problem.

Mostly ignored but a very simply thing to do and very important part of keeping your motor running for a long time, same with the guarantee. After 1000 km the motor screws get loose and there is definitely no grease on the motor wheel axles. E-scooters that have not been maintained in accordance with the instructions in the user manual, ie. H. Every year and/or every 1000 km, are excluded from the guarantee.

Final Thoughts

Before making a purchase you should consider what are you going to use you electric scooter for; the frequency of driving in a week, the kind of streets you are riding on, the miliage of you standard routes etc. If you are looking for more powerful electric scooter we suggest you choose dual-motor scooter, you will not regret choosing it!

Please feel free to leave a comment below or send us an e-mail at [email protected]

Have a nice ride!

– Your LIFE RACER Team. –

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